Gum disease or also known as "periodontal disease" is a serious bacterial infection that damages the attachment fibers and the supporting bone that holds the teeth in the mouth. Periodontal disease (the word "periodontal" as a mater of fact means "around the tooth") if left untreated can lead to tooth loss or can lead to heart problems like artery blockage or stroke. Periodontal disease has many forms. Listed below are the types of gum diseases:
Gingivitis is the type of gum disease that is on its early stage. Gingivitis is frequently caused by poor oral hygiene which will eventually lead to the build up of plaque and tartar. Gingivitis, if diagnosed early, can be treated and reversed. Red, swollen and puffy gums are indications of gingivitis. A lot of factors contribute to this type of gum disease. Diabetes, smoking, aging, genetic predisposition, stress, poor nutrition, hormonal fluctuations and certain medications are just a few of the factors. If gingivitis is left untreated it will lead to other types of gum disease that is on the advanced stage.
Aggressive periodontitis is one of the types of gum disease that experience painless gingival infection and damage of the bone around the teeth. Others tend to consider the painless bleeding of the gums after cleaning the teeth as insignificant. This is considered one of the indications of this type of gum disease.
Chronic periodontitis is one of the types of gum disease that results in the inflammation within the attachment fibers and supporting bone damage. It is characterized by pocket formation or recession of the gums. Chronic periodontitis is the most common types of gum disease. This type of gum disease is common among adults but it can also occur at any age. The progress of the attachment loss of this type of gum disease is commonly slow but episodes of swift progress may tend to come about.
Periodontitis as a Manifestation of Systemic Disease
This is one of the types of gum disease that frequently occurs to individuals at young age. Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease is frequently associated with other type of systemic diseases like diabetes.
Necrotizing Periodontal Diseases
Necrotizing periodontal disease is an infection that is distinguished by necrosis of gum tissues, periodontal ligament and the alveolar bone. These injuries are frequently detected in individuals with systemic conditions as well as, but not limited to HIV infections, malnutrition and immunosuppressions.
Despite the fact that some gum diseases can be very serious, it can be prevented by regular check ups. Regular dental check ups is one of the essential factor in the early detection of gum diseases and other serious dental problems that can be fatal.
Source by Milos Pesic