Acne vulgaris (generally known as acne) is quite a common disease of the skin mostly found in teenagers that can extend into adult years. It is typically characterized by scaly red skin (seborrhea), whiteheads and blackheads, pimples and also possibly scarring. While it is normal for the disease to most effect the face and upper chest, some suffers also get it on their backs.
The trigger is mostly hormonal, and people go through a significant change and increase in their testosterone levels with the onset of puberty. Whilst it normally fades away in the early twenties, there is not a reliable way to predict when acne will finally clear up – and so treatment of the symptoms is likely needed for several years.
There is a genetic inclination for acne which tends to follow family tree lines with earlier outbreaks and increased and prolonged effects. Besides stress, people with a high quantity cow’s milk and glycemic diet have been associated with acne as aggravating factors.
Because there is a bacterial component to infections and outbreaks, often antibiotics are used to bring it under control but should only be used in the most severe instances. The problem with antibiotics use is the tolerance built up over time make antibiotics useless for more serious diseases.
In the most severe cases, acne can develop into cysts which are an inflammatory form of acne named nodulocystic meaning nodule cysts. These cysts, otherwise known as boils would most likely appear under the arms in the groin region and buttocks. Such outbreaks of the disease are then affecting much deeper tissue areas and it can be quite severe.
Medications containing Benzoyl peroxide are generally the first line of defense or treatment and people of oily skin are most often better served by a gel or solution, and people with dry skin find better results with an acne cream or lotion.
Some medical practitioners have resorted to hormone treatments, given that the female hormone estrogen has been known to balance out the increased testosterone levels during adolescence, but this is not a wise route to take given the serious consequences of hormonal imbalances.
Source by Phillip David Jarvie