Twenty six thousand species of orchids exist in this world. The flower orchid comes from the famous family of Orchidaceae. Today it is considered to be one of the most beautiful flowers that we can see in this world. They bloom in many colors like violet, magenta, white. Orchids are considered to be the second largest family of plants. The most commonly cultivated plants are cattleya and phalas. Some popular types include Dendrobium and Epidendrum. Many hybrids are also available in different sizes. Orchids are indeed elegant flowers that are found more in tropics like Asia, Central America, South America, and Antarctica, above the Arctic Circle, southern Patagonia and Europe. Growing orchids is beneficial for people who are into the vocation of decorating.
Factors like humidity, moisture, medium, air movement, fertilizers, watering and pruning are to be kept in my mind during their growth. Humidity and moisture can be taken care of by placing a tray filled with water and small pebbles. The orchids will absorb the moisture from the evaporation of water. It has to be seen that the leaves are greenish-yellow in color. High exposure to sunlight can cause sun burns due to which the foliage may develop orange patches on them. Low sunlight can affect the growth of the bloom. Watering should be done such that the roots do not rot. The pot where the plant is placed should help the water drain quickly and not stagnate in them. Watering should be done only in the morning because the bacteria and fungi tend to divide on wet surfaces.
For growing orchids of medium length, it is necessary they are planed in the right medium. Fir bark, peat moss, Sphagnum moss, Perlite, charcoal and coconut husk chips are some choices that can be used to make a medium. Proper fertilizer should be done. Here, it is ideal to follow the "weekly" routine. The fertilizer should be such that the concentration is not high and should be put once in two weeks.
Air movement is important aspect to be considered. Air circulation helps in keeping the temperature uniform. The circulation of air accidents diseases that can potentially damage the plant and it also helps in keeping the insects that might stick to the flowers away. Do not keep your orchids in front of air conditioners or heaters. Ventilation is important for them to survive. Re-potting has to be done so that they remain of medium length. Re-potting should be done if the orchid is outgrowing your pot or if you want to divide the plant. The best time to re-pot is when there are many roots visible. Pruning is also advisable if you do not want your orchids to grow tall. The best time to prune is after the bloom and when the flowers start to wither away.
Protecting them from different diseases is also imperative when you are growing orchids. The diseases can be bacterial.
Source by John Dela Cruz