Just What Is A Canker Sore?

Margarita FolkPosted by
[ad_1]

The Aphthous minor ulcer, commonly known as a "canker sore", has been the focus of study and research for many years. Basically, it is a chronic, inflammatory disease characterized by a painful, oral ulcer that occurs with varying frequency. Here is the term "Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis" (RAS).

Categorized as an idiopathic (origin unknown) disease, aphthous minor ulcers are frequently misdiagnosed, treated incorrectly or simply ignored. They are inflammatory lesions of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity which may include the cheeks, gums, tongue, lips, roof and floor of the mouth.

Although they have been studied and researched for many years, they are one of the most common, persistent and most annoying dental lesions of the mouth!

Manifestations of the disease can range from mild to severe and in some extreme cases, may hinder a person's ability to ingest foods, thereby making that person susceptible to possible malnutrition.

Although the cause is unknown, several causative factors are suspected including trauma, genetics, stress, nutritional deficiencies, diet, hormonal changes and immunological disorders.

Because the specific cause has not yet been determined, it has been difficult to find a definitive cure. Consequently, current recommended treatments are aimed towards alleviating the symptoms until they complete their cycle.

Some current treatment options include topical agents, systemic and topical steroids, corticosteroids, cauterization, antibiotics, mouth rinse containing active enzymes, laser treatments and any combination therapy.

Because most of these types of lesions are located in very inconspicuous areas of he mouth, it is very difficult and somewhat challenging to apply any topical agents that have been suggested.

The most common of aphthous stomatic ulcers (minor forms), usually occur in about 85 to 95% of all RAS lesions. They seem to be more prevalent in the female population during ovulation and menstruation cycles. They have about a 7 to 14 day cycle and hardly ever leave a scar.

A major aphthous form, usually appears with more than one, which accounts for 10 to 15% of all RAS cases. Obviously, more pain is associated with this type and their duration may last 6 or more weeks.

The third and most uncommon type of aphthous lesion is called a Herpertiform ulcer which accounts for only 5-10% of the cases reported. They differ from the simple and major forms of aphthous lesions because they can occur on both keratinized and non-keratinized tissue.

Overall, the majority of aphthous stomatic lesions effect an estimated 15-20% of the world population. One should be aware that an aphthous lesion can result, following dental treatment.

Some dental procedures can be traumatic to the tissue. For example, a dental needle injection, incidental bite on the lip or inner cheek or trauma from a toothbrush bristle or ingestion of a sharp food like a piece of very strong cheese.

That said however, authorities are in agreement that aphthous ulcers do not represent acute infections and are not considered contagious.

You should also be aware that aphthous lesions of the herpetic variety, can not be treated with antibiotics. Why? Herpetic lesions are viral in nature and are not susceptible to antibiotic therapy!

If you are a person who is susceptible to aphthous ulcers, let your dentist know it. He or she may be able to take the necessary precautions to help reduce the effect of dental trauma during dental procedures.

Aphthous minor ulcers are frequently misdiagnosed, treated incorrectly or simply ignored. They are inflammatory lesions of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity which may include the cheeks, gums, tongue, lips, roof and floor of the mouth.

The lesion is usually quite painful in the beginning and associated with redness, some swelling and in the latter stages, a whitish ulceration. It usually appears singularly, but can appear in clusters as well, but this is less common ……… Once the white lesion appears, there is much less pain to endure.

Initially, it is very sensitive to touch and hot spicy foods. Manifestations of the disease can range from mild to severe and in some extreme cases, may hinder a person's ability to ingest foods, thereby making that person susceptible to possible malnutrition.

Several causative factors are suspected, including trauma, genetics, stress, nutritional deficiencies, diet, hormonal changes and immunological disorders.

Because the specific cause has not yet been determined, it has been difficult to find a definitive cure. Consequently, current recommended treatments are aimed towards alleviating the symptoms until they complete their cycle.

Some current treatment options include topical agents, systemic and topical steroids, corticosteroids, cauterization, antibiotics, mouth rinse containing active enzymes, laser treatments and any combination therapy.

Because most of these types of lesions are located in very inconspicuous areas of he mouth, it is very difficult and somewhat challenging to apply any topical agents that have been suggested.

Primary care physicians and dentists should be aware and familiar with the management of aphthous lesions and be able to offer the therapeutic options that will meet their patient's needs.

[ad_2]
Source by William Catalano