Acne, whether in adults or teenagers, is often linked closely with hormones, so it should not be any surprise that hormonal acne in women is a significant problem for many adult women.
Acne, basically, is the term for when a pore around a hair follicle becomes clogged with skin cells and oil from your skin. This can present as anything from blackheads and whiteheads, which are simply clogged pores, to pimples and cystic lesions, which is what you get when clogged pores become infected.
This is intimately related to hormones in the body. Oddly, most of the hormones associated with acne are male hormones, which is why it's a side effect of steroid use. So it may seem odd that it's women that are more affected as adults than men.
This is because women have much more flexible hormonal systems than men, who pump out pretty much the same stuff from puberty to old age. Women's hormones, on the other hand, go up and down from week to week, and often androgenic hormones are a part of this. Indeed, one of the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome is increased acne from androgens, which are male hormones.
Generally, hormonal acne tends to be on the jawline and neck. If you're an adult woman and are finding that you are having breakouts of acne in those areas, this is a very good sign that your hormones might to blame.
The general treatment for this is to prescribe hormones that will block the effects of the androgenic hormones. This most effective in menopausal and perimenopausal women and those that have PCOS. If this is you, then you need to look into this form of treatment.
Even for those without those kinds of hormonal problems, women can still have hormonal acne. Even the normal ebb and flow of the hormones necessary for women to ovulate each month can spark acne breakouts, which is why several kinds of birth control pills, which regulate hormones, can also be prescribed to control mild to moderate acne.
Generally speaking, the treatments for these kinds of acne can be treated either by using certain kinds of birth control and by the same kind of androgen blocking drugs, and often both. Indeed, some medications include both of them.
Pregnancy also causes these kinds of hormonal roller coaster rides, but the ability to treat them is limited. During pregnancy, you will have to rely on more topical methods and just ride it out, unfortunately.
Another hormone related cause of acne is stress. When we under go stress, our body releases hormones to combat that stress. In the short term, this is a good thing. Our bodies are not meant to undergo stress for long periods of time, so the constant flow of stress hormones will cause our body to react. One of those reactions is increased oil production in the skin, which in and of itself can be enough to bring an acne flare up.
Hormonal acne in women is a problem, but it is not a problem that can not be managed. You need to know the symptoms and work with your gynecologist or dermatologist to find the treatment that will work for you.
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Source by Jody Robison