Definition- Gum disease refers to infection in the bone and tissue area surrounding the teeth, usually caused by bacteria contained in the food and plaque build-up on the teeth and gums. The plaque produces toxins that have a painful and irritating effect on the sensitive tissue. The plaque will harden over time and form calculus also known as tartar.
Whose at risk? Anybody and everyone is at risk of developing gum disease. However studies have identified teens specifically females as being more at risk. This can be attributed to over-active hormones during puberty making gums more susceptible to irritation. Smokers will also suffer more from gum disease than non-smokers. Medication, medical conditions as well as brace wearers fall in the high risk group.
Symptoms- Common symptoms of gym disease are gum bleeding during and after flossing or brushing teeth, gums are tender or swollen, gums pulling away from teeth, unpleaseless breath and loose teeth.
Preventing-Remember that prevention is always better than cure. The only way to prevent gum disease to always maintain the highest degree of oral hygiene. Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day as well as after consuming sugary and acid food or beverages. Flossing is just as important as brushing as all the impossible to reach, in between spaces are cleaned with the floss.
Treatment- Treatment of the disease is determined by the severity of the condition. Scaling and root planning is used more as a method of prevention than a cure because of the scraping and removal of tartar and plaque from teeth and gums. Antibiotics in the form of mouthwashes, gels, fibers or pills is the most common treatment for gum disease. In case of really severy periodontitis, surgery and gingival grafting may be required to clean the infected areas.
Next: Learn more about gum disease so that you can prevent or defeat it.
Source by Scott Wells